The method of policing used in an area is determined by the nature of that area, the type and frequency of crime and other incidents and the availability of resources including manpower and transportation. A combination of policing methods may be employed according to circumstances. These may include beats patrolled on foot, or mobile area patrols, special operations and other activities performed by officers in uniform or plain clothes.
Traditional Foot Beats: In town areas, particularly where there is a high incidence of crime or street offences, beats should be patrolled on foot 24 hours each day following the usual “three shift” principles. The hours of these shifts should be as to meet the operational needs and at the same time minimize the difficulties of officers travelling to and from work.
Patrols: In addition to beat officers, there may be a need for fixed short patrols in the most vulnerable or high activity areas to supplement the police presence and provide cover during periods of changes of shift etc.
PATROLLING ON FOOT
Beats and Patrols: The methods of working a beat or patrol is usually left to the discretion of the constable posted to that area. While maintaining supervision over the whole of the area of his beat or patrol he is expected to exercise initiative and judgment in his working, particularly with regard to paying particular attention to any part as indicated by his own observation, reports or complaints from the public and his responsibility for keeping his beat in order as regards public behaviour, crime prevention and detection and control of traffic and public safety.
Mobile Patrols: mobile patrols assigned to cover larger areas than the single beat should also be manned throughout 24 hours where appropriate to give support to beat officers and foot patrols and to give a quick response service to calls from the public. These patrols may be single or double manned, preferable double manned in towns and may also have a plain clothes observer as part of the crew to enable a covert approach to be made to an incident or to patrol on foot while in contact with the vehicle to detect offences. The crews of mobile patrols should make contact with beat officers frequently during their patrols for the exchange of information but beat officers should not ride in patrol cars except for specific purposes.
Policing Stations: Stations are established in areas some distance from the divisional station. They should be opened to the public at all times and the officers posted there should patrol the area, visiting the other villages in the station area frequently.
The offshore islands and cayes are policed either by police posted to Carriacou and Petite Martinique are visited by patrols of the Coast Guard as required